Physiotherapy attempts to address the illnesses, or injuries that limit the person’s ability to move and perform functional activities in their lives.
Physiotherapy is one of the allied professions that, by using mechanical force and movements, manual therapy, exercise therapy, and Electrotherapy, re-mediates impairments and promotes mobility and function. Physiotherapists use an individual’s history and Physical examination to arrive at a diagnosis and establish a management plan and when necessary incorporate the results of laboratory and imaging studies like X-rays, CT scan or MRI findings. Electrodiagnostic testing such as electromyograms and nerve conduction velocity testing)may also be used.
Physiotherapy management commonly includes prescription of or assistance with specific exercises manual therapy and manipulation, mechanical devices such as decompression, physical agents which include heat cold, electricity, sound waves, radiation, assistive devices such as prosthesis and orthoses and other interventions.
Physiotherapists work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness and wellness-oriented programmes for more healthier and active lifestyles, providing services to individuals and populations to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. This includes providing therapeutic treatment in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging,injury disease or environmental factors.
Physiotherapy is a professional career which has many specialties including musculoskeletal, sports, neurology, orthopedics, geriatrics, pediatrics and women’s health.
1. Electrotherapy Modalities: Combination of TENS, IFC and NMES
TENS (Trans-cutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) send impulses through the sensory nerves that acts as a pain gait system at the brain level and help in reduction of pain
IFC (Interferential current) helps in Pain relief ,muscle stimulation,increase the local blood flow and reduction of edema
NMES (Neuromuscular electrical Stimulation) acts as a muscle pump to reduce edema,sensory stimulation reduces pain and reflex muscle spasm,motor stimulation helps in preventing disuse atrophy and increase strength,power of the muscles
It’s a form of alternative medicine that uses intense beam of light of specific wavelengths to help reduce pain, swelling, bruising, inflammation, increase circulation and minimize scar formation after surgery, cuts, burns, etc. Works on a variety of conditions head to toe and has over 70 pre-programmed treatments.
Is a gentle or moderate force that is applied to the spine for the purpose of slightly separating the bones or vertebrae of the spine.When the space between the bones are increased the following can occur.
There less pressure within the spinal disc relieving pain and encouraging nutrition to the disc.
The protrusion in the disc may be reduced by drawing or sucking in the gel nucleus towards the center of the disc. The tunnels where the nerve exit the spine become larger and therefore allow nerves to “breathe” and regain proper circulation and become “unpinched”.
Painful arthritic spinal joints are stretched and decompressed from the effects of constant gravity and poor posture acting on the body.
Proper nutrition to the spine and allowing flushing of inflammatory chemicals and bringing oxygen and nutrition to the area.
Muscles and ligaments around the spine are stretched and relaxed.
4. IMS: Dry Needling
Trigger point dry needling is physical intervention that uses dry needles to stimulate trigger points, diagnose and treat neuromuscular pain and functional movement deficits.
As the name implies, dry needling is primarily directed at myofascial trigger points, which are defined as “hyperirritable spots in skeletal muscle that are associated with a hypersensitive palpable point in a taut band”.
Physical therapists around the world practice trigger point dry needling as part of their clinical practice and use the technique in combination with other physical therapy interventions. A high degree of kinaesthetic perception allows a physical therapist to use the needle as a palpation tool and appreciate differences in the density of those tissues pierced by the needle.
Learn more about Yasser Abdealti, our resident Physiotherapist.